Space Shuttle: Final Countdown - Achievements & Tragedies | Science Documentary | Reel Truth Science
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Space Shuttle: Final Countdown tells the definitive story of its era including all of its incredible achievements but also the devastating tragedies of Space Shuttle Challenger and Space Shuttle Columbia. Watch as NASA scientists, administrators, astronauts and Smithsonian Institution historians conduct interviews to explain how the Space Shuttle had an enormous impact on humanity and how it transformed our understanding of our universe and our planet.

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  • MrMBmovie
    MrMBmovie

    I know its all about NASA, but sad they didnt mention about Soviet shutles, that were scavenge from stolen US plans, and if im correct the Buran actually worked, was cheaper to use, and because it flew only on external rocket wihout its own engines, it also had more storage. Even the Antonov 225 was especialy build to transport the shuttle. But all was scraped and forgoten after Soviet Union breakdown...

    • David O'Donovan
      David O'Donovan

      Stolen US plans ??? The Space Shuttle's non confidential plans had been on public view for years. Not a clue what your talking about. uzmilk.info/number/j7KFpIevaqhuhds/video.html

  • Calin Oprea
    Calin Oprea

    apologies, but I have to step in: the crew on Columbia knew all along what happened to the spacecraft, but they were told that all is fine. the crew on the ground spotted the foam hitting the wing, asked for more detailed pictures, but were denied. more details here: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linda_Ham. to add to the injury, the team that ran the tests to see if the foam could actually destroy the carbon-fiber reinforced structure on the left wing was denied the possibility of tests repeatedly. so again, with all due respect, the chain of events presented here is false.

    • David O'Donovan
      David O'Donovan

      uzmilk.info/number/o8ydq3eMoIefl9c/video.html

  • Karim Cristóbal Hanania Carpo
    Karim Cristóbal Hanania Carpo

    What an amazing documentary.

  • Darren Dorset
    Darren Dorset

    Space shuttle is a big machine evar

  • Wanderer325
    Wanderer325

    B m,

  • Dap Da Dinh
    Dap Da Dinh

    Wessen sind die Verlust......

  • Dap Da Dinh
    Dap Da Dinh

    Das geht an President Verantwortung.....Kann ich nicht Verantwortlich geben

  • Dap Da Dinh
    Dap Da Dinh

    Gründe & Begründen .......

  • Dap Da Dinh
    Dap Da Dinh

    Die EU Projekte schon Beendet ist

  • Dap Da Dinh
    Dap Da Dinh

    Getäuschen Business

  • Dap Da Dinh
    Dap Da Dinh

    Die Amerika Peoples werden Amerika verlassen

  • Dap Da Dinh
    Dap Da Dinh

    Suprise

  • Dap Da Dinh
    Dap Da Dinh

    Kommischweiser diieser mal weniger Leute waren dabei bei Starten

  • Dap Da Dinh
    Dap Da Dinh

    Wo sind die Brocker.Controller Center bitte......

  • Dap Da Dinh
    Dap Da Dinh

    Sprachlos......

  • Dap Da Dinh
    Dap Da Dinh

    Gratlation gelandet .....

  • BearvilleBear 14
    BearvilleBear 14

    Keep strong. Dont forget that despite the evil in this world, God is full of justice, mercy and love. Justice said we broke His perfect law - causing the world's previous perfection to be destroyed - and therefore we deserve Hell (like a punishment in any legal system but this is eternal as His perfect law is eternal too). Don't think you fit in that category? Ever done one of these?: lying, stealing - regardless of how small the object EVER, hating others - which is murder in God's perfect law, lusting (plus God sees our entire thought life). Justice says "the soul that sins shall die" - if we break one in thought/word/deed it's as if we're guilty of all of them. Quite simply, living by the law (which is doing everything perfectly) is impossible for sinful humans . The law shows us that 1. We will die in Hell if we fail to follow it and 2. We cannot save ourselves BUT, 3. God's perfect, immovable law points us to Christ, who followed and fulfilled the law in thought, word and deed perfectly in our place. He did what we couldn't and did it on our behalf. He was then sentenced to death on a cross, and took our personal punishment for our sin, paying our penalty (like paying our fine) completely FOR us, and has given us freedom. If we turn from the sins we have committed and repent (pursue the opposite direction of love through Christ) He will, overtime, recreate us back into that previously perfect image through The Holy Spirit which Jesus sends to all who accept Him as their personal Lord and Savior of their life. It's not about following the law - perfectly, as it's impossible - it's about letting Christ in to guide and teach you and obeying Him through His power (not ourselves as it's impossible without depending on His power and instruction). He is our substitute in His life, death and resurrection. He essentially rewrote history in our place so that, if you believe in Him, it will be as if you had never sinned if you accept Christ's death as our own in our place. He is in Heaven right now preparing a place for us so that He can take His faithful, believing children home with Him when He returns. He will ressurrect us from death when He returns, giving mercy to those who accept His love, instruction and teachings in their life, and give justice to those who refuse it. He doesn't want ANY of us to go to Hell and die for continuing in evil and rejecting His way to life, thats why He died FOR us. Hes giving EVERYONE a chance, He wants everyone to take the free gift of salvation from Hell. He wants us to be His and begin to follow His life of love and service through His power and abiding (staying) with Him. So long as we keep our hearts near to Christ through His strength, strive to follow His will of perfect love revealed in the Bible, and let Him lead in the midst of (very certain) pitfalls and struggles, we will, in time, win the ultimate victory over sin, pain and DEATH through Christ. Even if you are willing to be made willing, pray for Jesus to come in and He will do what we can't. Give us The Holy Spirit who will guide us in the right way. NOTE: You are NEVER too sinful or messed up that God cannot turn your life around through Jesus. EVER If you have any questions let me know xx

    • Bedlam Kids
      Bedlam Kids

      WTF?! Why are you even here?!

  • Anthony Tindle
    Anthony Tindle

    I remember this day well as I was sat in history class and someone out of our class had got a radio into class and turned it on to the amazement of the class to which he was told off by the teacher and had it confiscated we all said miss this is history in the making and we are in a history class turn it back on we want to listen so she put it on her desk turned it back on then told him he can have it back after school.

  • Ben Fry
    Ben Fry

    the best document I've seen to date. its interesting to see what Elon musk is doing now is nothing new. a capsule type design has already been done and one of the designs for the space shuttle looks a lot like the SN he is building now

    • Pan FN
      Pan FN

      Bro al dough the shuttle was crazy, it was a failure because off the cost. Musk is actually creating rockets without spending billions…

  • 90'sArcadeFighter
    90'sArcadeFighter

    They should display one of the shuttles with the full stack, obviously without fuel lol

    • David O'Donovan
      David O'Donovan

      They'd need a bloody big shed in order to be able to do that. The total height of the Space Shuttle stack including the fuel tank, at launch stands at 184.2 feet, that's roughly as tall as a 17 storey building.

    • Matthewdoesmc81 //
      Matthewdoesmc81 //

      they are planning on doing this i think

  • OfficialNeonSky
    OfficialNeonSky

    if u know it can't be fixed it's best to not let your crew know it's their last flight, make it quick

    • David O'Donovan
      David O'Donovan

      uzmilk.info/number/o8ydq3eMoIefl9c/video.html

  • Ash TV
    Ash TV

    Lets be honest! The design was a joke and a deathtrap

  • Bad Captain-Cooks Hadrian Waters
    Bad Captain-Cooks Hadrian Waters

    Why lie

  • Dave Roche
    Dave Roche

    Excellent documentary - very informative. Also shows not everyone in America is an idiot! Thank you for the upload.

  • tommobeast2
    tommobeast2

    the limited bs moon mission looks more and more like the hollywood set it was filmed in

  • Maciej Wnuk
    Maciej Wnuk

    Hubble Telescope did not record a single star being born, thats the only flaw in this material

  • Michael W
    Michael W

    Only thing is the space shuttle never took anyone to the moon, so its a shame they got rid of the Saturn V

  • J. Campa
    J. Campa

    25:53 John Travolta

  • Larry Torres
    Larry Torres

    The absorbing truck contrarily receive because psychiatrist superiorly strip against a profuse bite. wide, redundant carnation

  • Aleksei Mardas
    Aleksei Mardas

    2021 watching

  • Johnny Donny jensen
    Johnny Donny jensen

    Hvor er det rigtig godt og er fantastisk af folk kan få os på en ny planet,og er kommet så langt som vi nu er.

    • Pau Jeppesen
      Pau Jeppesen

      Ja for i 69 gik der mennesker på månen, ja nemlig ja men vi kan ikke flyve til månen i morgen,. Hvordan kan det dog være? Van allen radiation belt, måske

  • Sarvesh Singh Solanki
    Sarvesh Singh Solanki

    Hhh-+

  • Ant
    Ant

    Amazing Achievements. Thank you for putting this together. Worth a mention.. There is a person in this documentary who looks EXACTLY like one of the Olmecs from The Mysterious Cities of Gold; Fitting that this is a documentary about space. I will neither confirm nor deny the name of the person.. but I look forward to your speculation if you are old enough to remember the Cartoon Series, and make the same connective observation that I did. Stay.. Nice And Safe, All. Did you see what I did there? o.O' ^__^

  • Stavros Papadimitriou
    Stavros Papadimitriou

    5:25. For all the wrong reasons.

  • william abineni
    william abineni

    All in all, the shuttle program was a big success providing solid launch pads for successive ones that the entire world should contribute to, basing on the fact that "no one is so poor to share and no one is so rich to receive".

    • David O'Donovan
      David O'Donovan

      uzmilk.info/number/gcdqu6KrrHyroKk/video.html

    • den jo
      den jo

      It was impressive, but to consider it as a succes, I don't think so. 2 spacecrafts were lost, this is the saddest thing. But after all, it must become a cheap way to do space flight, it turned out otherwise. Also non of the spacecraft reached the number of flights where they were originally designed for. The spacecrafts were simply not reliable enough.

  • Gemma te Hofstee
    Gemma te Hofstee

    Why do I have to pink a tear watching this? Must be the menopause.

  • Alexander Grigoriev
    Alexander Grigoriev

    52:31 Charlize Theron?

  • Gerald Wagner
    Gerald Wagner

    Hi

  • Mateus Cordeiro
    Mateus Cordeiro

    1:15:05 that didn't age so well

  • Cor van Oudenaren
    Cor van Oudenaren

    M

  • Punter308
    Punter308

    God I love that thing I watched the first launch when I was five with my dad.

    • Sarvesh Singh Solanki
      Sarvesh Singh Solanki

      ---

    • Sarvesh Singh Solanki
      Sarvesh Singh Solanki

      Jjjjkj

    • Sarvesh Singh Solanki
      Sarvesh Singh Solanki

      Jj

    • Sarvesh Singh Solanki
      Sarvesh Singh Solanki

      J

    • Sarvesh Singh Solanki
      Sarvesh Singh Solanki

      Jjj

  • TheStanem
    TheStanem

    The object 5 - O - 5, Europe. "The shuttle EXCELLERATE trough MACH ONE WITH UNBELIEVABLE PURPOLSIONS." Dont you worry; i will always find my way home. :-) Absolutely astonishing documentary. Thank you.

  • andy brugman
    andy brugman

    What a load of shit

  • Dr Talkbox SA
    Dr Talkbox SA

    Having the habit of using mnemonics at varsity, this is how I cram the Shuttle names ACCEDE( Atlantis, Challenger, Columbia, Enterprise, Discovery and Endeavor) Disasters happened for those starting with the letter C.

    • Jeremy Smith
      Jeremy Smith

      @King Of A E S T H E T I C S Ah ok

    • King Of A E S T H E T I C S
      King Of A E S T H E T I C S

      @Jeremy Smith Enterprise is considered an orbiter. It has an Orbiter Vehicle Designation number.

    • Jeremy Smith
      Jeremy Smith

      Though Enteprise was never used as an Orbiter since was purely for testing its gliding capability thats all never went into orbit

    • Jim Reily
      Jim Reily

      Very useful. Thank you

  • Pjotr Slanina
    Pjotr Slanina

    The designers and engineers could have known right from day one, that inspecting such a complicated machine with 2.5 million parts, would be costing far more time than two weeks! And a thousand parts that needed EXTRA attention! Error in this documentairy: On the morning of the 28 of januari 1986, there was NO concern for the tiles! There was concern for the O-rings of the SRB's!! The day before, there had been a debate between Morton Thiokol and NASA, because wether reports made it very clear, that there should be temperatures of -46 degrees fahrenheit at the morning of the launch! That cold, was NOT good for the O-rings of the SRB's because they could shrink, and leak fuel! However, the NASA was overruling the engineers, and said they would not hold the launch. We all have seen what was the result.....

    • Jim Reily
      Jim Reily

      So you've seen "Challenger: A Rush to Launch" as well.

  • Pjotr Slanina
    Pjotr Slanina

    Why didn't using METRIC numbers?!

  • Pjotr Slanina
    Pjotr Slanina

    Safe and Reliable?!! No way! The biggest mistake, was to use hitresisting tiles! They should have known that that was a GIANT mistake. Feld?!! And ordanairy glue?!! For a spacecraft that had to withstand extremely high temperatures and dynamic forces?!! You guys were out of your mind!! Total irresponsible!! I can't believe what I am seeing and hearing in this documentairy!! This madness!!

    • Crystalwings
      Crystalwings

      Chill, man. It's an old thingy, whaddya expect for? If you're looking for safer spacecraft, then why you don't check out Dragon or Starliner?

  • Pjotr Slanina
    Pjotr Slanina

    The Spaceshuttle was doomed from the beginning. It's construction was NOT high advanced, as is said in this movie! Only high complicated. TO complicated with 2,5 million parts! And not to forget those extremely vulnerable tiles, that costed the life of 7 astronauts!! The Spaceshuttle was for the biggest part, a failure!

    • Crystalwings
      Crystalwings

      Man, you need to chill for a while. You sounds like you're overreacting over something that's already retired for nearly a decade. It's on the past, and you have to be glad that now we have SpaceX with Dragon and Boeing with Starliner. It's more safer and you better to stop ranting over it.

    • Anup Kishor Bhandari
      Anup Kishor Bhandari

      Yup, just like your life.

  • maxim espace
    maxim espace

    Sorry, but the shuttle was awesome

    • maxim espace
      maxim espace

      @David O'Donovan Wait. Are you saying that space exploration is costly and dangerous??? lol

    • David O'Donovan
      David O'Donovan

      The Space Shuttle was a great concept, however it was a top down design with almost no fail safes in the event of launch or re-entry emergencies, it's greatest strength also happened to be its greatest weakness, it's fragile heat shield, not to mention its external fuel tank which had a history of shedding foam insulation since the very first launch, also the fact that it ascends into orbit in a heads down position with the main fuel tank and the SRB's on top which left the most critical areas of the Shuttle, the underside and the wings, vulnerable to foam strikes which as has been seen lead with the loss of one Shuttle, Colombia, and it's crew. A bottom up design would have factored in all the safety issues and designed a vehicle around it accordingly, in hindsight the correct decision was made to retire it. It was too costly, and too unsafe to keep going. en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Space_Shuttle_abort_modes uzmilk.info/number/gcdqu6KrrHyroKk/video.html

  • CÉSAR LEITÃO
    CÉSAR LEITÃO

    Tudo é muito encantador, maravilha da ciência e tecnologia espacial, parabéns a NASA. scontent.frec3-1.fna.fbcdn.net/v/t1.0-9/40074867_2425500594143655_4967591352448581632_o.jpg?_nc_cat=109&_nc_sid=730e14&_nc_ohc=H5vuzWGK4MYAX9ZwrWK&_nc_ht=scontent.frec3-1.fna&oh=50028e9ddc8e5234a8808bf0ba048ee9&oe=5EFEF8CF

    • CÉSAR LEITÃO
      CÉSAR LEITÃO

      uzmilk.info/number/fLWnkX6qpKh4h7E/video.html

  • MISTERPRESIDENTELECT
    MISTERPRESIDENTELECT

    Saturn was built by germans, which is why it worked. Shittle was hammered together by english people, it was a load of crap from the start.

    • Crystalwings
      Crystalwings

      @Pjotr Slanina But you need to calm down. Look, now you're mad at me, even at everyone on this comment section! Did you lose your sanity or something? Calm down, man, holy crap.

    • Pjotr Slanina
      Pjotr Slanina

      @Crystalwings I am not spamming. I give my personal opinion! We live in a free world, and if I want to comment on things, like I have done above, I have the right to do that! No matter if somenone likes it or don't!!😡😡

    • Crystalwings
      Crystalwings

      @Pjotr Slanina Why you keep spamming all over the places, it's just only make you feel like you're the only idiot here who overreacting over something that's already retired for nearly a decade.

    • Pjotr Slanina
      Pjotr Slanina

      The Shuttle was build by Americans, not by British. But, yes, it was an extremely vulnerable spacecraft, build out of aluminum, felt, and siliciumoxide tiles, wich were glued onto the felt, with ordinairy glue!!!

  • ส.อ.มงคล โพธิ์ตากุล
    ส.อ.มงคล โพธิ์ตากุล

    Hi

  • zapfanzapfan
    zapfanzapfan

    Very nicely put together.

  • christof trabakoulas
    christof trabakoulas

    OMG!OMG! HOW YOU TAKE A SHIT IN ZERO GRAVITY?DOES THE SHITS FLY? I ASK SERIUSLY,NO SHIT. OMG!OMG!

  • Jaap Aap
    Jaap Aap

    Senator Barbara Mikulski (1:03:36) knows where it's at: "If we were gonna go to the moon ehhh or go back to Mars...." lolwut

    • Alipio Pio
      Alipio Pio

      KKKKKKKKKKKKKK...

  • jordan bohuslavicky
    jordan bohuslavicky

    All of them ASTRO-NOTs are still Alive ....!!!! .... The Earth is FLAT

    • HeliosUP6
      HeliosUP6

      Your mom is round as the earth.

    • den jo
      den jo

      @jordan bohuslavicky and can you also explain me from were the gravitational force is coming?

    • den jo
      den jo

      @jordan bohuslavicky can you please take a real photo of the edge 🙂?

    • jordan bohuslavicky
      jordan bohuslavicky

      @Alansar saffron & Dry fruits No one Die ....no one .. !!! Wake up ...brainwashed ppl

    • Crystalwings
      Crystalwings

      *Not funny* *_Didn't laugh_*

  • Mark Arnott
    Mark Arnott

    👨‍💻The O Ring -🚀 That my friend opened a lot of skeletons 😳 🚩Safety 🚩 before lives🤷‍♂️This Just doesn't stand for space alone BUT Everyone has to do their Bit safety check on vehicles OR at Work where all Guilty when young & broke $ bad brakes worn tyres - Accidents so close many times use old faulty electric appliances she'll be right attitude😳 it goes on & on - Wear safety glasses 🕶 check it & check it again save $ when something so big and cost billions you would think OH we better have the data checKed 1 more time cant hurt right ?

  • Yo
    Yo

    I like cheese!

    • TheStanem
      TheStanem

      me 2

  • craig gilchrist
    craig gilchrist

    You just cant picture how noisy that is. Ye not wrong Pal lmao.

    • Yo
      Yo

      "It's just so big" - Yeah pal, not as big as my d*ck!!!

  • Peter Hutchinson
    Peter Hutchinson

    the space shuttle wasn't doomed after launch it was doomed when it entered earth atmosphere

    • David O'Donovan
      David O'Donovan

      It WAS doomed after the launch, 82 seconds after the launch to be precise, when a piece of insulating foam and ice broke loose from the external propellant tank and slammed into the leading edge of the Orbilers left wing at an impact speed estimated at around 530 miles per hour., from that moment on the Shuttles fate and that of her crew was sealed !!! uzmilk.info/number/gcdqu6KrrHyroKk/video.html

  • Roland Lawrence
    Roland Lawrence

    interesting point about the columbia accident though. With the foam strike on the leading edge, what could they have done to fix it? Im guessing there was no AAA or spare tile patch kit on board.

    • David O'Donovan
      David O'Donovan

      uzmilk.info/number/o8ydq3eMoIefl9c/video.html

    • Sailor Man
      Sailor Man

      @Gary Williams Sorry my friend, but the contents of your last comment, demonstrate clearly, that it's YOU who has the 'attitude problem', and needs to 'stop being a snotty twat'. And, cherry bye to you too, lol. Bags of ice? LOL - TOO FUNNY.

    • Gary Williams
      Gary Williams

      @Sailor Man No, I'm just pointing out that you seem to have an attitude problem. Happy to discuss but if all you're going to do is copy n paste huge sections of wiki then I've better things to do so, on that note, lighten up, talk, stop being a snotty twat and cheery bye.

    • Sailor Man
      Sailor Man

      @Gary Williams You've already said that this 'fix' had a 'low chance' of success, but you seem to be making an all-out effort to promote it as a 'fix' that had more than a 'low chance' of success? Yes, it's an 'interesting' proposal, but not worthy of such an effort to give it any credence.

    • Gary Williams
      Gary Williams

      @Sailor Man Yes, I know what RCC is. I likely know more about it than you do so no need to be snotty. Now, if you want a copy and paste war - fine. This is from a "what-if" scenario. The fallback would have been a desperate measure-a jury-rigged repair performed by the Columbia astronauts themselves. It would have required two spacewalkers to fill the hole with a combination of heavy tools and metal scraps scavenged from the crew compartment, and to supplement that mass with an ice bag shaped to the wing’s leading edge. In theory, if much of the payload had been jettisoned, and luck was with the crew, such a repair might perhaps have endured a modified re-entry and allowed the astronauts to bail out at the standard 30,000 feet. The engineers who came up with this plan realized that in reality it would have been extremely dangerous, and might well have led to a high-speed burn-through and the loss of the crew. But anything would have been better than attempting a normal re-entry as it was actually flown.

  • M. Alejandro
    M. Alejandro

    One of the most interesting and well done documentaries I've ever seen. Thanks a lot.

  • Jukka Takamaa
    Jukka Takamaa

    SSTO shuttle should be launched on a rail ramp. The best method yet never tried.

    • Gary Williams
      Gary Williams

      It has been done, the G forces are far too high.

  • Emmanuel Mwangi
    Emmanuel Mwangi

    135th and "final mission" lol we can't leave

  • Devan Kumar
    Devan Kumar

    Bihar muzaffarpur India

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